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Table 2 Biomass utilization scenario compared to the present use

From: The bioliq® bioslurry gasification process for the production of biosynfuels, organic chemicals, and energy

Biocarbon/bioenergy use Year/population
  2011/7 billion (Gtoe/a a ) 2050+/10 billion (Gtoe/a a )
Biocarbon use for
1. Human plus domestic animal food and feed;
food harvest residues (e.g., straw)
ca. 2
< 0.2
2.5
0.5
   2. Construction wood (timber) 0.5 > 1
   3. Plantations for special organic raw materials (cellulose fiber, cotton, pulp and paper, caoutchouk, oilseed for detergents, etc.) ca. 0.2 1
   4. Synthetic organic chemistry by bio- and thermochemical routes with cogeneration of energy < 0.1 1
Bioenergy use for
   5. Traditional firewood combustion, etc. 1 1
   6. Energy for high-temperature processes (cement, lime, bricks, ceramic production, etc.) < 0.1 0.5
   7. Ore reductant (mainly iron ore) < 0.1 0.5
   8. Aviation, ship, and special car fuels (assuming 50% BTL energy conversion efficiency) < 0.1 2
   9. CHP in remote areas < 0.1 1
Total biomass consumption (1 to 9) ca. 4 ca. 11
  1. a1 Gtoe is ca. 2.4 t of lignocellulose free of water and ash. BTL, biomass to liquid; CHP, combined heat and power.