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Table 3 Irrigated and rainfed cropland changes due to US ethanol production (1,000 ha)

From: The role of irrigation in determining the global land use impacts of biofuels

  Unconstrained Constrained
  Irrigated Rainfed Irrigated Rainfed
Regions     
USA 2,166.5 −833.5 11.8 1,659.3
EU27 828.6 −475.0 1,094.8 −644.5
Brazil 3.5 244.5 3.9 270.0
Canada 6.3 397.2 6.4 549.3
Japan 0.8 2.5 1.3 3.9
China 167.0 −131.5 62.5 37.5
India 51.3 24.0 61.5 27.5
Central America 1.7 85.9 4.4 91.0
South America 0.9 136.2 4.7 180.6
East Asia 0.2 1.3 0.2 1.8
Malaysia-Indonesia −0.2 −4.4 0.0 0.3
Rest of Southeast Asia 0.2 2.6 0.6 6.3
Rest of South Asia 3.6 16.6 1.3 23.6
Russia 4.9 −16.6 4.6 −34.1
E-Europe-RFSU 354.8 −253.5 0.0 −272.3
Other European regions 0.1 5.1 0.1 6.3
M-East-N-Africa 57.6 44.2 0.0 108.4
Sub-Saharan Africa 54.9 666.4 4.1 1,122.5
Oceania −1.0 140.7 0.6 31.0
Total 3,701.8 52.7 1,262.6 3,168.2
  1. Obtained from unconstrained and constrained experiments.