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Table 3 Composition of low-carbon electricity generation portfolios

From: Public evaluation of electricity technologies and future low-carbon portfolios in Germany and the USA

  Fossil strategy Nuclear strategy Renewable strategy
  Fossil classical and CCS (%) Fossil modern and CCS (%) Nuclear and CCS (%) Nuclear no CCS (%) Renewable CCS (%) Renewable no CCS (%) Renewable ‘ambitious’ (%)
Fossils total 78 78 56 46 55 45 35
PC 8 18 25 10 20 12 25
PC with CCS 40       
IGCC 15 5   18 20 15  
IGCC with CCS   39 21   8   
Natural gas 15 16 10 18 7 18 10
Nuclear total    24 24   10 5
Nuclear power plant    24 24   10 5
Renewable total 22 22 20 30 45 45 60
Wind offshore      16 7 15
Wind onshore      8 8 10
Solar PV      5 1 5
Solar thermal       22 15
Biomass      16 7 15
  1. Source: own depiction.