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Table 1 Characteristics that influence occurrence and success of community RE initiatives

From: The institutional space of community initiatives for renewable energy: a comparative case study of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark

Type Dimension Characteristics
Strategic Cultural Legitimacy of sustainability objectives, pro-environmental attitude, willingness to act
Organizational Support for community action
Personal Leadership, knowledge and expertise, access to technology and grid, adaptive capacity, management skills
Institutional Political Subsidies, flexibility, priority for sustainability goals, project support (advice, financial), network
Legal Formal rules and regulations, decision-making procedures, degree of discretionary space, control mechanisms
Economic Division of material resources, availability of investors, expected profitability
Socio-cultural Capacity for institutional learning, problem perception, attitude on experimentation
(Bio-)physical   Wind speed, solar hours, tidal waves, hydropower; presence of fossil fuels, urbanization, technological developments