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Table 3 The technical and economic parameters of the vehicles

From: Alternative fuels from forest residues for passenger cars - an assessment under German framework conditions

  Commuter car All-purpose car
Motor Electric Gaseous fuel Diesel Electric Gaseous fuel Diesel
2020 scenarioa Eb B, Gc G B, E B E, G Eb B, Gc G B, E B E, G
Technical parameters
Mass of glider [kg]d 595 1,060
Mass of tank or battery [kg] 143 174 47 42 710 868 84 70
Total mass [kg] 823 854 748 749 757 758 1,870 2,028 1,269 1,270 1,300 1,301
Consumption [kWh/100 km]e 13 14 50.4 56.7 38.7 39.8 17.9 19 57.6 64.8 59.4 61.1
Economic, costs (excl. taxes) [€2011]
Gliderf 9,000 18,700
Energy storageb,c 6,231 8,354 576 633 100 30,824 41,578 720 792 100
Total car acquisition 16,231 18,354 13,388 13,606 12,000 50,254 61,278 23,051 23,167 22,700
Environmental, car life cycle GHG emissions[t CO2-Eq/car life]g
  6.4 7.0 3.4 3.4 20.4 23.7 5.7 5.8
  1. Technical, economic, and environmental parameters and impacts of the production of commuter and all-purpose cars with electric, gaseous fuel, and diesel propulsion technology for the three scenarios business as usual (B), gas age (G), and E-mobility age (E) 2020. aB, business as usual; G, gas age; E, e-mobility age; bLi ion battery, energy density 145 Wh/kg based on[2831]; costs 300 €/kWh based on own learning curves and[15, 3235], c.f. Additional file1 for details; cLi ion battery, energy density 125 Wh/kg, costs 383 €/kWh, based on the same sources and learning curves; dCar without propulsion technology and tank/battery. Optimistic assumptions based on[28, 3641]. eElectric car, own calculations based on[4246]. Other cars, based on[4752], and application to weighted CADC cycles as described in Table 5. fCar without propulsion technology, based on car prices in 2011 and[53]; gCalculated using Ecoinvent 2.2 database with several adaptions, including traction battery change. Car operation and fuel production emissions are not included.