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Table 2 Legitimacy dimensions across institutional environments

From: Energy policy by beauty contests: the legitimacy of interactive sustainability policies at regional levels of the regulatory state

Legitimacy dimension Type of environment
  Government hierarchy Market Network
Legality (focus) Rechtsstaat/rule of law explicit legal powers Fair competition and consumer protection; contract law Freedom of association
Shared beliefs (main) Public service in the liberal state Private interest by efficient and consensual transactions Common interest towards converging strategies
Consent (core concept) Voice: representative and participatory democracy Exit: exchanges in a competitive environment Loyalty: voluntary cooperation by (com)pact