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Table 1 Levels as action situations where legal acts are performed upon power-conferring-rules

From: Smart design rules for smart grids: analysing local smart grid development through an empirico-legal institutional lens

Levels as action situations where legal acts are performed upon power-conferring-rules
Level of action situation Interaction Rules structuring the AS (for interaction)
Operational situation (OS) Performance of factual activities, e.g.: OS-RiUs following RoCs with ‘deeper origin’ (CCS) involving prohibitions, commands, permissions and dispensations (and freedoms)
• establish smart grid
• manage a neighbourhood cooperative
Outcomes of CCS ⬆CCS-made RoCs for OS use⬆
Collective choice situation (CCS) Introducing, altering, terminating (only) RoCs, e.g.: CCS-RiUs following CS-made RoPs (with positions and conditions) about:
• contracting between OS participants (first party regulation) • how to make/change RoCs at CCS, for OS-RiUs
• permitting/subsidizing by non-OS-participants (second party)
• co-regulating formal or substantive standards for OS interactions
Outcomes of CS ⬆ CS-made RoPs for CCS use ⬆
Constitutional situations (CS) Making, altering, terminating RiF, e.g.: CS-RiUs following MS-made RoPs (with positions and conditions) about how to make/change RoPs at CS, for RiUs at CCS
• (RoP for CCS) Civil Law Code; Electricity act;
• (RoP for CCS) as meta-regulation for private rules on products/services
Outcomes of MS ⬆ MS-made CS-RoPs ⬆
Metaconstitutional situations (MS) Making, altering, terminating RiF, e.g. MS-RiU following RoR when to make RiF
• constitutions and bills of rights
• conventions, custom
  1. AS action situation, RiU rules-in-use, RoC rules of conduct, RoP rules of power, RiF rules-in-form (RoC and/or RoP), RoR rule of recognition