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Table 2 Three orders of legal institutions

From: Smart design rules for smart grids: analysing local smart grid development through an empirico-legal institutional lens

Three orders of legal institutions
Orders of institutions Legal institutions (placing in this table does not mean to suggest relations across levels)a
1st order Legal Quality (e.g. public authority) Legal Status (e.g. public good) P2P-relationa (e.g. contract) P2O-relation (e.g. ownership) O2O-relation (e.g. easement)
2nd order Legal Persons (e.g. associations, foundations, corporations) (public or private) Legal Objects e.g. tradable private or public rights (following P2P/P2O/O2O) relations
3rd order Public Hierarchy (e.g. states, municipalities) Civil Networks (e.g. NGOs, communities) Competitive markets (e.g. commodity markets)
  1. a 1st order is logically conditional to 2nd and 3rd orders; existence of 3rd order institutions influences scope for other institutions within