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Table 1 Rules of the Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development [13]

From: Indicator system for the sustainability assessment of the German energy system and its transition

Substantial rules
Securing human existence Maintaining society’s productive potential Preserving society’s options for development and action
1. Protection of human health 6. Sustainable use of renewable resources 11. Equal access for all to information, education and occupation
2. Satisfaction of basic needs 7. Sustainable use of non-renewable resources 12. Participation in societal decision-making processes
3. Autonomous subsistence based on income from own work 8. Sustainable use of the environment as a sink for waste and emissions 13. Conservation of cultural heritage and cultural diversity
4. Just distribution of opportunities to use natural resources 9. Avoidance of technical risks with potentially catastrophic impacts 14. Conservation of the cultural function of nature
5. Reduction of extreme income and wealth inequality 10. Sustainable development of man-made, human and knowledge capital 15. Conservation of social resources
Instrumental rules
1. Internalization of external social and ecological costs 5. Promotion of international co-operation 8. Society’s ability to govern
2. Adequate discounting 6. Society’s ability to respond 9. Society’s ability of self-organization
3. Limitation of public debt 7. Society’s ability of reflexivity 10. Balance of power between societal actors
4. Fair international economic framework conditions