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Table 6 Impact of cost variations on annuities from annual crop production with reference yield levels for wheat 81.2 dt ha−1 a−1, oilseed rape 39.4 dt ha−1 a−1, barley 76.4 dt ha−1 a−1, sugar beet 699 dt ha−1 a−1, maize 162.5 dt (33% dm) ha−1 a−1

From: A spatial explicit scenario method to support participative regional land-use decisions regarding economic and ecological options of short rotation coppice (SRC) for renewable energy production on arable land: case study application for the Göttingen district, Germany

  Annuity in € ha−1 and commodity prices (2006–2015 average) in € dt−1
Wheat Oilseed rape Barley Sugar beet Maize
Cost position 637 (18.8) 558 (37.8) 490 (16.9) 1406 (3.96) 535 (10.08)
Seed, fertilizer, plant protection ±53 ±78 ±57 ±89 ±43
Depreciation on machinery
Transportation
Storage
Drying
Weed control, seedbed cultivation, cropping ±21 ±26 ±21 ±49 ±33
Yield level (±10%) ±138 ±160 ±126 ±279 ±129
Price-level (±10%) ±189 ±179 ±158 ±336 ±180
Yield increase (±15%) ±30 ±30 ±26 ±53 ±5
Area (1 ha) ±43 ±44 ±39 ±98 ±76
Slope (10%) ±19 ±20 ±17 ±42 ±32