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Table 6 LCD option parameters in the EP-LCD model

From: Low-carbon development strategy for the West African electricity system: preliminary assessment using System dynamics approach

  Fuel type Capacity
(MW)
Capacity factor (Dmnl) Capacity lifetime (years) Construction time (years) Emission factor,a, b (tCO2/MWh) Normal per capita electricity demand (MWh/person) Time to adjust capacity (years)
Grid technologies Simple cycle gas turbine 1410 0.80 25 3 0.2786c 0.546 21
Combined cycle gas turbine 4892 0.80 25 3 0.2020
Hydropower 3760 0.80 50 10 0.0
Coal subcritical 32 0.80 25 8 0.3413
Nuclear 0 0 25 10 0
Renewable grid technologies Wind 100     0
Solar 10     0
Small hydro 100     0
Off-grid technologies Diesel generators 678.0     0.2667
Gasoline generators 847.6     0.2496
Gas turbines 169.5     0.2020
  1. Sources: author’s estimation
  2. aThomas, Rolls and Tennant [59]
  3. bThe emission factor is the ton of CO2 consumed per generation of 1 MWh of electricity
  4. cA review of other literatures [60, 61] aside from Thomas, Rolls and Tennant [59] show that the emission factors for gas turbines are the same. The study used that for combined cycle gas turbine to run the model