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Table 2 Public biofuel policies in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, and Senegal

From: From the fuel versus food controversy to the institutional vacuum in biofuel policies: evidence from West African countries

  Benin Burkina Faso Mali Senegal
Energy and renewable energies policy Policy and energy strategy 2003 No policy but a domestic energy strategy in 2005 National policy 2006 Energy policies 1997, 2003, 2008
Biofuel policy and regulatory texts Biofuel policy 2008
Biofuel orientation law 2011
Not established Regulatory framework defined in 2011 [59]
Biodiesel, bioethanol, and PPO standards defined in 2013
Biofuel special project 2007–2012
Biofuel law 2010
Regulatory framework drafted in 2012 not adopted
National strategy and goals National strategy 2011 [74] Biofuel promotion policy framework document drafted in 2009 but not adopted [57] National biofuel development strategy in 2008 [58] National export oriented strategy 2009 [75]
Objective/market targeted Mainly export and national market National market in priority National market Export and national market
Ambitions/stated objectives Substitution rate at the national level to move from 1.25% in 2015, to 6.25% in 2020 and to 10% from 2025 Gradually substitute up to 30% of diesel used for transport by 2020 Substitution rate of diesel or DDO by JC oil: 2008–2013: 10%, 2014–2018: 15%, 2018–2023: 20% 25 million liters of ethanol/year over the period Quantified objectives for the period 2007–2012:
(a) 1190 million liters of oil
(b) 1134 million liters of oil or biodiesel
(c) Plant 321,000 ha of land, calculated as 1000 ha per rural community
Private actors involved in 2014a 2 13 10 5
  1. PPO pure plant oil, JC Jatropha curcas, DDO distillated diesel oil
  2. aSee [48] for a detailed presentation of the various private actors involved