Skip to main content

Table 10 Comparison between microwave-assisted and electrical heating [99, 108]

From: Microwave pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass––a contribution to power Africa

Microwave-assisted heating Electrical heating
Conversion of energy Transfer of energy
In-core volumetric and uniform heating at molecular level Superficial heating via conduction, convection, and radiation
Hot spot No hot spot
Rapid Slow
Higher electricity conversion efficiency Lower electricity conversion efficiency
Selective Non-selective
Dependent on material’s properties Less dependent
Precise and controlled heating Less controllable
Lower thermal inertia and faster response Higher thermal inertia and slower response