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Table 3 Levels of related collective action situations

From: Legal governance of smart heat infrastructure development under modes of liberalization; how to analyze and overcome deadlocks in heat projects

1. Operational level Situation of factual activity of establishing, operating and maintaining an infrastructure
2. Collective choice level ↑ Situation of collective decision-making on which infrastructure to establish and how to do so and operate and maintain it
3. Constitutional level ↑ Situation of decision-making about who can take the decisions and how at collective choice level (i.e., granting power)