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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for predictor variables

From: Democratic institutions and the energy intensity of well-being: a cross-national study

  Mean Std. dev. Min Max
Elected executive 0.436 0.496 0.000 1.000
Elected legislature 0.926 0.263 0.000 1.000
Political competition 0.917 0.276 0.000 1.000
Full 0.416 0.493 0.000 1.000
Military expenditures (% of GDP) 0.416 0.493 − 11.011 104.079
Exports (% of GDP) 2.836 10.661 − 43.095 67.710
Renewable energy consumption (% Total) 0.350 4.310 − 32.456 23.921
GDP per capita − 0.078 0.191 − 1.131 1.219
GDP per capital squared − 1.413 3.430 − 18.302 22.674
Urban population (% total) 5.206 4.580 − 4.949 23.899
  1. All predictors group-demeaned