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Table 2 The startup and shutdown cost of units

From: Scenario-based stochastic optimal operation of wind/PV/FC/CHP/boiler/tidal/energy storage system considering DR programs and uncertainties

CHP units ACHP = 0.0435 BCHP = 36 CCHP = 12.5 DCHP = 0.027 ECHP = 0.6 FCHP = 0.011
Heat buffer tank ηloss = 0.6 ηgain = 0.3 σ = 1% \( {\displaystyle \begin{array}{l}{AH}_{\mathrm{discharde}}^{\mathrm{max}}=\\ {}{AH}_{\mathrm{charge}}^{\mathrm{max}}=2\end{array}} \) AHmax = 7 AHmin = 0