Skip to main content

Table 5 Scores for the social sustainability dimension

From: Sustainability assessment of a micro hydropower plant in Nepal

Themes Dimensional weighting (%) Code Indicators Score Notes on scoring Theme score
Community involvement 20 S1 Training of community members and local operators 1.67 Since the main operator left, a substitute has taken the role of operator and the management committee had not found a trained operator. The government wants that the communities are self-dependent. However, there is a need to improve ongoing capacity building measures. The certification was not given in local language; this prevented many locals to participate in the certification 3.76
S2 Sense of ownership 5 The community was very aware that the plant belongs to them; there was also an active involvement during maintenance activities
S3 Self-governability 5 For this particular MHP, the whole management committee was from the local community
S4 Self-sufficiency 3.5 Since the MHP was located in a very remote village, almost everything is brought from the outside. However, the construction and O/M works were performed by locals. There is always a need for an external expert for some technical problems in the plant
S5 Equality 4 Some villagers from the Chepang caste are not included in the process. Women were present in the management committee
Social stability 5 S6 Resettlement/disturbance of living space 0 Not a big issue for this small MHP 0
Affordability 15 S7 Share of household income spent on electricity 4 Everyone interviewed agreed to the price of electricity 4.00
Accessibility 15 S8 Grid access 4 Chepang households were not yet connected 4.00
S9 Ease of grid connection 0 Unable to score
Health 10 S10 Safety of electricity use 5 No accident has been reported 4.60
S11 Access to improved medical supply 5 The local medical facility has electricity connection and has freezer/refrigerator that would not be possible without electricity
S12 Risk of respiratory diseases 4 The use of kerosene for lightning purposes is reduced by the access to electricity. However, many households still use it as a backup for any interruption of the service
S13 Working conditions of operator 2 The MHP operator lives in the powerhouse with significant noise pollution and wears sandals during operation, no earplugs
Electrical service 5 S14 Electrical service reliability 4 It is always running except when there is some repair or maintenance work is ongoing 4.50
S15 Electrical service quality 5 Two bulbs can always be used by each HH
User satisfaction 15 S16 Satisfaction of the management 4 3-phase supply is needed and a low power supply in dry season; complaints about wooden polls of the grid 4.75
S17 Satisfaction with costs 5 All interviewees told that everyone is very satisfied with the price and with the service provided
S18 Perceived change in quality of life 5 All interviewees told that everyone values and sees the importance of the service provided
Education 10 S19 Improved teaching by use of electricity 5 The local school has access to electricity and is able to power an entire computer lab 4.50
S20 Extended studying hours 4 All interviewees stated that their children now learn longer due to electricity light at night
Communication 5 S21 Electricity use for communication purposes 4.5 All interviewees stated having at least one of these devices 3.25
S22 Internet users (per 100 people) 2 3 HHs (of 15 interviewed) have an Internet access  
S23 Computer usage (%) 2 In the local school and 4 HHs  
Aggregated score—social dimension 4.17