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Table 1 The Sustainability Indicator System [8]

From: Sustainability assessment of the German energy transition

Securing human existence
 1. Energy-related emissions of particulate matter
 2. Energy-related emissions of cadmium
 3. Energy-related emissions of mercury
 4. Energy import dependency
 5. Monthly energy expenditures of households with a monthly net income less than 1300 Euros
 6. SAIDI of electricity
 7. Relation of employees in the renewable energy sector to total employees
 8. Final energy consumption of private households per capita
 9. Relation of technician salary to manager salary at the big electricity suppliers
Maintaining society’s productive potential
 10. Share of renewable energy in gross final consumption of energy
 11. Area under cultivation of energy crops
 12. Unused renewable electricity due to management measures
 13. Use of primary energy
 14. Specific final energy consumption of households for heating (temperature-corrected)
 15. Final energy consumption in the transport sector
 16. Modal split in the transport sector
 17. Number of electric vehicles
 18. Final energy productivity of the German economy
 19. Final energy productivity of the industry
 20. Final energy productivity of trade, commerce and services
 21. Energy-related greenhouse gas emissions
 22. Energy-related emissions of acid-forming gases
 23. Energy-related hazardous solid wastes
 24. Amount of high-level radioactive waste which has not been transferred to a safe final disposal site
 25. Installed capacity of renewable energy power plants
 26. Number of university graduates in the field of energy sciences
 27. Federal expenditures for energy research
 28. Number of German patents in the field of renewable energy and energy efficiency
 29. Number of start-ups in the renewable energy and energy efficiency sector
 30. Added value creation from the renewable energy sector
 31. Added value creation from energy efficiency measures in households
Preserving society’s options for development and action
 32. Gender pay gap in the highest salary group in the energy sector
 33. Share of regulatory tools in the planning of power transmission grids that fulfil regulatory requirements
 34. Share of tourists who perceive energy power technologies as being disruptive in the vacation area
 35. Acceptance of renewable energies in the neighbourhood
 36. Acceptance of grid extension for achieving 100% renewable energy supply
Conditions to achieve the substantial sustainability
 37. Degree of internalization of energy-related external costs
 38. Share of development aid expenditure on energy-related projects in relation to total GDP
 39. Share of households producing renewable electricity
 40. Share of households buying renewable electricity
 41. Share of installed smart meters mandatory for large electricity consumers
 42. Volume of publicly funded loans for energy-related investments
 43. Number of energy cooperatives engaged in renewable energy plants
 44. Share of population living in regions with the objective to shift to 100% renewable energy
 45. Market share of the four biggest electricity companies on the market for the first-time sale of electricity