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Table 1 Overview of projects studied

From: Anaerobic digestion and integration at urban scale: feedback and comparative case study

Name Country Size Process studied Context Limit Status of the valorization unit Starting Date References
Bedzed England 82 lodgings
50 dwellings/ha
Living Machine1 Zero carbon program; “one living planet” program Environmentally and financially unstainable Abandoned 2000 (district) [85, 86]
LEAP England AD in situ Collaborative partnership Operating 2013 (valorization unit) [79]
Les Grisettes (Montpellier) France 1500 lodgings
75 dwellings/ha
AD in situ Social and economic issues about the AD unit Before the optimization of the unit: vermin, olfactory behavior, low energy production Operating 2005 (valorization unit)–2014 (district) [98, 99]*
Brest France 142,000 inhabitants
281,100 persons/ha
Compost in situ Politic engagement and social initiatives Operating 1998 (valorization unit) [87]*
Freiburg im Breisgau Germany 230,000 inhabitants
147,900 persons/ha
AD ex situ Operating 1999 (valorization unit) [17, 19, 20, 100, 101] *
Flintenbreite (Lübeck) Germany 117 lodgings
70 persons/ha
AD in situ Hannover EXPO 2000
Politic engagement
Not yet operational, pre-study Developing 2000 (valorization unit) [19, 20, 35, 36, 59, 60] *
Jenfelder Au (Hamburg) Germany 2000 inhabitants
57 persons/ha
“Local” AD Hamburg Water Cycle®; project KREIS Pre-study Developing 2012 (district) [19, 20, 42, 46, 102]
Quartier Vauban (Freiburg) Germany 5000 inhabitants
135 persons/ha
AD in situ Passive habitation Financial bankruptcy Abandoned 1997 (valorization unit) [7, 17, 19, 20, 100] *
Allermöhe (Hamburg) Germany 36 lodgings Compost in situ Ecological construction model Operating 1985 (district) [19, 20, 53]
Nashik India 1,487,000 inhabitants
573,800 persons/ha
AD ex situ International climate initiative; sanitary issue; Hamburg Water Cycle® Pre-study Developing 2013 (valorization unit) [48, 52, 76, 103,104,105]
Noorderhoek (Sneek) Netherlands 232 apartments
44 persons/ha
AD in situ Social, scientific, and Political engagement; rehabilitation of district Operating 2007 [5, 19, 21, 31, 38, 39, 54] *
Eva-Lanxmeer (Culemborg) Netherlands 250 lodgings into 24 ha AD in situ; Living Machine1 Social and environmental building initiative Pre-study; AD project abandoned due to the financial crisis (2007). Abandoned 1999 (district) [5, 16, 19, 21, 41, 49, 75, 77, 92] *
Malmö Sweden 300,000 inhabitants
204,500 persons/ha
AD ex situ (Sjölunda) Scientific and politic engagement Operating 1978 (wastewater) [22,23,24,25, 29, 47, 50, 74]
1999 (food waste)
Bo01/Fullriggaren (Malmö) Sweden 2000 lodgings (2 districts)
122 persons/ha
AD ex situ (Kristianstad) 2001 European Exhibition; rehabilitation of docks Operating 2000 (district)
1997 (Kristianstad)
1978 (Sjölunda)
[7, 22,23,24,25, 50, 61, 106,107,108]*
AD ex situ (Sjölunda) Operating
Hammarby Sjöstad (Stockholm) Sweden 10,000 lodgings
133 persons/ha.
AD in situ (Henriksdal) High environmental ambitions, support by social and political communities; rehabilitation of a brownfield site Valorization unit still in evolution Operating 1989 (Hammarby Model)
1971 (Henriksdal)
2014 (Södertörn)
[7, 24, 25, 65, 67, 81, 88, 109, 110]
AD ex situ (Södertörn) Valorization unit still in evolution Operating
  1. *Included personal communications