Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean value of basic socio-economic and demographic variables of respondents (standard deviation in parentheses)

From: Returns, setbacks, and future prospects of bio-energy promotion in northern Ethiopia: the case of family-sized biogas energy

Variables Treated observations (n = 200) Control observations (n = 200) Total sample (n = 400) P value
Sex of the household head (female = 0, male = 1) 0.86 (0.34) 0.89 (0.31) 0.87 (0.33)
Age of the household head in years 47 (9.18) 45 (10.3) 46 (9.8) 0.03
Education level of the household head (years of schooling) 2.5 (2.7) 1.5 (2.4) 2 (2.64) 0.000
Household size 6.3 (1.68) 5.7 (1.77) 6 (1.75) 0.001
Farm size in tsimad 2.5 (1.32) 2.07 (1.57) 2.3 (1.47) 0.000
Cattle holding in heads 5 (2.73) 5 (3.24) 5 (2.99) 0.32
Annual income in ETB 18,949.78 (12910) 14,175.5 (8287.5) 16,562.6 (11095) 0.000