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Table 6 Effect of biogas energy utilization on energy expenditure of households

From: Returns, setbacks, and future prospects of bio-energy promotion in northern Ethiopia: the case of family-sized biogas energy

Matching method Treated observation Control observation Energy expenditure (ATT) t value
Nearest neighbor 200 93 − 108.35*** 4.12
Radius 200 200 − 59*** 3.42
Kernel 200 200 − 98.2*** 4.17
Stratification 200 199 − 82.4*** 3.6
  1. ***, **, and * denote value significant at 1%, 5%, and 10% respectively