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Table 3 Variables of the four hydroelectric power plants analyzed

From: Protected areas as strategies for preserving vegetation cover in the vicinity of hydroelectric projects in the Brazilian Amazon

Variables Tucuruí Balbina Samuel Belo Monte
Accumulated deforestation (%) in the vicinity of the HPP up to 2015 52 2 32 20
Percentage of PAs surrounding the HPP up to 2015 (%) 8.4 32.5 33.2 14.6
Percentage of ILs surrounding the HPP up to 2015 (%) 4.8 33.9 15.8 23
Percentage of SPs surrounding the HPP up to 2015 (%) 25.6 3.9 14 16.3
Accumulated deforestation in PAs (%) up to 2015 25 2 2 3
Accumulated deforestation in ILs (%) up to 2015 1 < 1 2 < 1
Accumulated deforestation in SPs (%) up to 2015 55 7 57 30
Extension of roads surrounding the HPPs up to 2015 (km) 13,990 2903 7547 5791
Creation of protected areas directly related to the construction work 3 3 1 2
Time (years) between the beginning of the construction and the creation of the first protected area 27 9 6 5
Number of approved indigenous lands directly related to the project 2 1 0 1
Time (years) between the beginning of the construction and the approval of the first indigenous land 16 8 4