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Table 4 General and specific characteristics and features of the modelling frameworks

From: Grid-based multi-energy systems—modelling, assessment, open source modelling frameworks and challenges

  Calliope oemof urbs
Modelling scope Operational, planning Operational, planning Operational, planning
Model formulation Linear Linear and mixed integer Linear
Spatial coverage Local to countries Local to countries Local to countries
Time horizon Short and long Short and long Short and long
Assessment criteria Economic Economic Economic, with environmental auxiliary constraints
MES approach Energy hub Energy hub Energy hub
Energy sectoral coverage Electricity, gas, heat Electricity, gas, heat, transport Electricity, gas, heat
Spatial resolution Single- and multi-region Single- and multi-region Single- and multi-region
Time resolution Low and high Low and high Low and high
Load flows Network flow type II Network flow type II Network flow type II
Unique features Ramp rates, multi-scenario Ramp rates for storage, up- and down times Demand response, multi-scenario