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Table 5 Segments and modelling approaches for components of future energy systems [40]

From: Grid-based multi-energy systems—modelling, assessment, open source modelling frameworks and challenges

Field Modelling approach Components
Physical world Continuous models Energy infrastructure and its components: generation, transport, distribution, consumption
Information Technology Discrete models Controllers, communication infrastructure, software
Roles and individual behaviour Game theory models Market players
Aggregated and stochastic elements Statistical models Weather, macro-view on consumers, aggregated behaviour of many individual elements