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Table 1 Benchmarks for domestic supply measure and its indicators

From: Sustainability of community-owned mini-grids: evidence from India

Indicator Score 1 Score 2 Score 3 Score 4 Score 5
Capacity (W/HH) Min 3 Min 50 Min 200 Min 800 Min 2000
Duration > 4 h
> 1 h at night
> 4 h
> 2 h at night
> 8 h
> 3 h at night
> 16 h
> 4 h at night
> 23 h
> 4 h at night
Reliability (monsoon months) Frequent outages
> 5 days/month
2–5 days/month 1–2 days/month No unscheduled outages
Quality Frequent issues with V and f affecting use of appliances Few issues with V and f No issues with ability to use appliances when needed
Affordability House unable to pay at time of collection and still in debt House unable to pay at time of collection and facing difficulties in paying on the following month House unable to pay at time of collection but easily paid back the following month No difficulties with regular payments
Legality Illegal connections and irregularities with payments No illegal connections and bills paid to authorized representative
Safety Unsafe connection and installation Absence of past accidents and perception of risk in the future