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Table 2 Benchmarks for public lighting measure and its indicators

From: Sustainability of community-owned mini-grids: evidence from India

Indicator Score 1 Score 2 Score 3 Score 4 Score 5
Capacity (village coverage) 1 street light > 25% > 50% > 75% > 95%
Duration (night hours) > 2 h > 4 h > 50% night time > 75% night time > 95% night time
Reliability (monsoon) Frequent outages > 5 days/month 2–5 days/month 1–2 days/month No outages
Quality No functioning lights Failures, brightness flickering issues No early failures, no issues with brightness, flickering, etc.
Safety Unsafe connection and installation No perceived risk of electrocution due to poor installation or maintenance