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Table 2 Four electricity scenarios for 2050 co-developed in a stakeholder workshop

From: Morocco’s sustainable energy transition and the role of financing costs: a participatory electricity system modeling approach

  Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3 Scenario 4
Capacity Production Capacity Production Capacity Production Capacity Production
[MW] [TWh] [MW] [TWh] [MW] [TWh] [MW] [TWh]
Technologies
 Wind 35,000 111 45,000 142 10,000 32 40,000 126
 Solar PV 15,000 23 30,000 45 50,000 75 10,000 15
 Reservoir hydro 3100 0 3100 0 3100 0 3100 0
 Biomass 3000 18 5000 16 0 0 3000 16
 CSP 2000 4 2000 2 1300 3 1500 2
 Hard coal 5000 20 0 0 4937 35 6000 21
 Oil 741 2 0 0 741 4 741 1
 Natural gas 5500 9 0 0 6172 35 6172 7
 Nuclear 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Total 69,341 185 85,100 205 76,250 184 70,513 189
Pumped-hydro storage
 Capacity [GWh] 702   2000   2000   702  
 Pump capacity [GW] 9.0   10.0   10.0   8.1  
 Turbine capacity [GW] 7.3   16.0   12.9   5.9  
Thereof (in %)…a
 Intermittent 65% 71% 74% 93% 67% 58% 66% 74%
 Partially variable 7% 3% 5% 1% 5% 4% 6% 3%
 Variable 28% 26% 21% 13% 28% 47% 28% 24%
 Renewables 76% 84% 84% 102% 72% 62% 76% 85%
  1. aPercentage of total producing capacity including pumped-hydro energy storage