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Table 3 Purchase prices, sale prices and production value of deliveries to households and industries in USA and European Union during 2005–2015, accounted using the formulae above

From: Valorisation of energy services: essay on the value addition due to renewable energy

USD2005 Purchases USD/kWh Household sale price USD/kWh Industrial sale price USD/kWh Value added household USD billion Value added industry USD billion
Years USA EU USA EU USA EU USA EU USA EU
2005 0.011 0.007 0.095 0.17 0.06 0.08 113 253 47 87
2006 0.010 0.007 0.101 0.17 0.06 0.09 123 269 50 96
2007 0.010 0.006 0.100 0.20 0.06 0.11 125 316 51 114
2008 0.013 0.008 0.104 0.21 0.06 0.12 126 347 52 124
2009 0.010 0.006 0.106 0.21 0.06 0.12 131 341 49 110
2010 0.010 0.006 0.105 0.20 0.06 0.11 137 341 50 106
2011 0.010 0.007 0.104 0.22 0.06 0.11 134 365 50 111
2012 0.008 0.007 0.104 0.21 0.06 0.11 131 351 49 101
2013 0.009 0.006 0.104 0.23 0.06 0.11 132 379 49 100
2014 0.010 0.006 0.105 0.23 0.06 0.10 135 370 50 96
2015 0.008 0.005 0.105 0.20 0.06 0.08 137 321 49 76
Annual average growth − 2.7% − 2.4% 1.1% 2.0% 0.1% 0.3% 2.0% 2.8% 0.5% − 0.7%