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Table 4 Energy intensity, electricity consumption, energy consumption, share of all renewable energy and modern renewable energy and CO2 emissions in 2015 as well as average growth from 1990 to 2015

From: Valorisation of energy services: essay on the value addition due to renewable energy

  Energy intensity Electricity consumption Energy consumption All renewables Modern renewables CO2 emission in energy consumption
USD/kWh Aver. growth kWh/cap Aver. growth kWh/cap Aver. growth Share Aver. growth Share Aver. Growth kg/kWh Aver. growth
2015 1990–2015 (%) 2015 1990–2015 (%) 2015 1990–2015 (%) 2015 (%) 1990–2015 (%) 2015 (%) 2015 (%) 2015 1990–2015 (%)
Globally 0.7 1.6 3052 1.1 21,642 0.5 14 0.2 1.5 5.2 0.23 0.09
United States 0.2 0.2 12,833 0.9 79,107 − 0.4 7 1.1 1.4 2.8 0.21 − 0.2
Japan 0.9 1.0 7864 0.8 39,359 − 0.2 6 2.5 1.5 3.2 0.24 0.6
European Union 0.9 1.7 5968 1.0 36,205 − 0.4 14 4.6 2.9 11.7 0.19 − 0.4
Russian Federation 0.4 1.4 6588 0.7 57,278 − 0.7 3 0.2 0.0 12.1 0.20 − 0.3
Mexico 0.9 1.1 2231 2.4 17,974 0.3 8 − 1.3 2.2 − 1.5 0.21 0.0
Brazil 0.9 − 0.3 2506 0.5 16,606 1.7 41 − 0.6 0.9 18.3 0.22 − 0.2
China 0.5 4.7 4047 4.2 25,218 4.3 9 − 3.8 1.6 31.6 0.29 − 0.2
Indonesia 1.0 1.5 823 4.8 10,176 1.9 33 − 1.3 7.7 5.5 0.24 0.4
Philippines 1.1 1.9 749 2.5 6061 0.5 59 − 1.9 18.4 0.4 0.26 0.6
India 0.7 2.3 859 2.2 7550 2.5 25 − 2.4 0.6 24.0 0.28 0.0
Nigeria 0.6 2.1 144 1.9 8898 0.4 80 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.20 − 0.2
Pakistan 0.8 0.9 488 1.4 5781 0.9 38 − 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.21 − 0.1
Bangladesh 1.1 0.9 326 5.1 2738 2.7 25 − 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.20 0.0
Ethiopia 0.3 3.3 86 5.3 5850 0.2 94 − 0.1 0.0 − 0.6 0.22 0.0