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Table 2 Main characteristics of the selected case studies for the EDHk application (own illustration)

From: Future compatibility of district heating in urban areas — a case study analysis in the context of integrated spatial and energy planning

Characteristics Selected case studies (CSs)
CS I CS II CS III CS IV CS V CS VI CS VII CS VIII
Number of subareas 3 1 3 2 1 1 2 1
Spatial archetype Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Suburban Suburban
Gross development area (ha) 18 1 64 16 11 26 4 1
Average densitya 0.5–1.0 2.0 1.0–1.5 1.6–1.9 0.9–1.0 1.0 0.25 0.5
New/existing development New & existing Existing New New New New New & existing New
Main building type Multi-storey Multi-storey Multi-storey Multi-storey Multi-storey Multi-storey Single-family houses Terraced houses
Utilisation Residential use Mixed use Mixed use Mixed use Mixed use Mixed use Residential use Residential use
Heat source for DHS Renewable Fossil & renew Fossil & renew Fossil & renew Fossil & renew Fossil & renew Renewable Renewable
Supply temperature (°C) 66–80 66–80 66–80 35–65 35–65 35–65 66–80 66–80
  1. aCorresponds to usable gross floor area (GFA) of buildings per gross development area (GDA)