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Table 4 Household socio-economic characteristics and energy utilized (%)

From: Households’ energy preference and consumption intensity in Kenya

Variables National (sample) Fuel wood Charcoal Kerosene LPG Electricity
Location
 Urban = 0 33.96 8.94 40.5 28.25 70.48 67.53
 Rural = 1 66.04 91.06 59.5 71.75 29.52 32.47
Gender of the household head
 Male = 0 65.79 29.43 32.71 33.65 34.07 36.52
 Female = 1 34.21 70.57 67.29 66.35 65.93 63.48
Decision maker on energy use
 Household head = 1 46.10 46.04 43.59 45.69 47.31 46.32
 Spouse = 2 47.90 46.04 49.88 48.26 47.59 47.77
 Child = 3 6.00 7.93 6.52 6.05 5.1 5.91
Household dwelling unit
 Permanent = 1 50.40 18.85 57.39 44.56 88.14 82.02
 Semi-permanent = 2 37.40 31.15 34.07 42.51 9.24 14.25
 Temporary = 3 12.00 50 8.54 12.93 2.62 3.72
Household head: average monthly income (KSh)
 Below 2500 = 1 4.40 4.49 2.72 4.75 0.69 0.57
 2501–5000 = 2 12.60 11.86 8.68 14.16 0.83 3.08
 5001–10,000 = 3 21.80 16.35 20.65 24.59 6.21 10.93
 10,001–15,000 = 4 17.50 16.42 18.96 18.54 11.45 15.87
 15,001–20,000 = 5 15.00 13.25 16.94 15.6 14.48 17.73
 20,001–50,000 = 6 20.70 29.68 23.09 17.44 37.79 33.52
 50,001–100,000 = 7 6.30 3.61 6.95 4.31 21.66 14.09
 Above 100,000 1.80 1.35 2.01 0.62 6.9 4.21
Household head: education level
 No formal education = 1 6.90 10.71 4.13 7.05 0.55 1.94
 Primary school = 2 29.10 36.93 26.79 32.97 4.41 11.01
 Secondary school = 3 31.80 32.21 34.54 34.06 21.79 27.77
 Vocational/diploma = 4 21.20 16.44 23.42 19.32 36.69 33.36
 Bachelor’s degree = 5 8.90 2.95 9.1 5.54 29.1 20.73
 Postgraduate = 6 2.10 0.76 2.02 1.06 7.45 5.18
Household head age in years
 Below 30 years = 1 21.50 13.59 20.37 21.07 21.1 23.24
 31–35 years = 2 18.80 13.76 18.4 18.5 23.86 22.43
 36–40 years = 3 16.80 16.54 17.97 17.24 17.38 17.25
 41–45 years = 4 12.30 13.16 12.95 12.38 12.14 13.04
 46–50 years = 5 11.60 14.85 11.59 11.8 10.48 9.8
 51–60 years = 6 12.70 18.57 13.28 12.65 10.9 10.12
 Above 60 = 7 6.10 9.53 5.44 6.36 4.14 4.13
Household head: marital status
 Single = 1 12.80 12.8 10.61 11.25 17.66 16.84
 Married = 2 77.90 77.86 81.37 78.66 77.79 77.89
 Widowed = 3 8.60 8.6 7.23 9.34 3.72 4.37
 Divorced = 4 0.50 0.8 0.75 0.83 0.89 0.74
  1. n = 3663