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Table 1 Consumption of solid wood biomass in and outside the energy sector in Denmark in 2017 and the proportion of this consumption liable to the Danish “Industry Agreement to ensure sustainable biomass (wood pellets and wood chips)”(IA) [18] relative to both energy sector and total consumption, respectively. The IA is described in following paragraphs. Based on data from Energistyrelsen [38] and “Additional file 1”. Wood waste is not part of the IA and firewood is not used in the energy sector [38]

From: Implementation of voluntary verification of sustainability for solid biomass—a case study from Denmark

  Wood Chips Firewood Wood Pellets Wood waste Total
Total consumption (Mt) 2.68 1.56 3.26 0.49 7.99
Energy sector consumption (Mt; % of total) 2.50 (94%) 0 (0%) 2.28 (70%) 0.20 (40%) 4.98 (62%)
Consumption outside energy sector (Mt; % of total) 0.17 (6%) 1.56 (100%) 0.98 (30%) 0.29 (60%) 3.01 (38%)
Percentage of energy sector consumption liable to the IA (%) 53% 0% 91% n.a. 71%
Percentage of total consumption liable to the IA (total) 49% 0% 63% n.a. 57%
  1. n.a. not available