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Table 2 Overview of engineering and ecological resilience

From: Adapting the theory of resilience to energy systems: a review and outlook

Type of resilience Type of capacity System’s behavior In stability landscape Type of system
Engineering resilience   Close to stable point Quick return to stable point Predictable quasi-stationary system
Ecological resilience   Moves out of basin of attraction Returns to one of multiple equilibrium states Complex adaptive system
  Adaptive capacity/adaptability Adjusts the system Towards new equilibrium state  
  Transformative capacity/transformability Transforms the system New system and state  
  Coping capacity Resists disturbance w/o much alteration of the system Return to old equilibrium state  
Adaptive resilience   System learns and self-organizes Adjustment to a new stable state Complex adaptive system