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Table 8 Potential mean annual biomass increment (MAI), land expectation value (LEV), internal rate of return (IRR), and profitability threshold (minimum volume inside bark to yield LEV ≥ 0) for target woody crops in the eastern United States

From: A spatially explicit approach to modeling biological productivity and economic attractiveness of short-rotation woody crops in the eastern USA

Species MAI range (Mg ha−1 year−1) LEV range (US$ ha−1) IRR range (%) Profitability threshold
(m3 ha−1 year−1) (Mg ha−1 year−1)
Pinus taeda, upland 5.4 to 18.6 − 1126 to 3112 − 0.3 to 14.2 18 9
Pinus taeda, lowland 6 to 20.4 − 2263 to 2342 −2.9 to 10.4 24 12
Eucalyptus grandis 9 to 59.5 − 1264 to 1710 − 9.7 to 16.9 30 15
Eucalyptus benthamii 1.8 to 41.8 − 2707 to 1532 −2.6 to 15.9 31 17
Hybrid poplar 3.6 to 28.7 − 1915 to 3862 − 13.9 to 11.4 31 11
Populus deltoides 1.1 to 26.7 − 3487 to 3845 −24.2 to 14.6 30 11