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Table 1 List of elements per pathway map

From: Promoting adoption while avoiding rebound: integrating disciplinary perspectives on market diffusion and carbon impacts of electric cars and building renovations in Austria

Element Definition
Elements included in both case studies
 Purchase/investment E-car: number of e-car purchases; share of e-cars in national car stock
Renovations: number of renovations; number of applications for subsidies
 Direct rebound After adoption of the energy-efficient technology, demand for the respective energy services increases
 Indirect rebound Due to freed-up income or moral licensing, demand for other energy-intensive services and goods increases
 Economy-wide rebound Production and demand shift to more energy- and carbon-intensive sectors
 Acquisition costs/expenditure E-car: acquisition costs
Renovations: Expenditure, depending on the intensity and quality of renovation
 GDP Gross value added of the economy including taxes and/or subsidies on goods
 Savings in carbon emissions Reductions in national greenhouse gas emissions across all sectors of the economy
 Mass media Communication of product information, including carbon footprint, sustainability, and consumer benefits of various energy-efficient technologies
 Social norms Expectations of the social network as to whether one should acquire an energy-efficient technology
 Environmental values Personal conviction that one should engage in protecting the environment
 Variable costs E-car: costs per km, both monetary and convenience/time costs
Renovations: Costs per comfortably heated m2 of living space after completing the renovation
 Disposable income Household budget available; possibilities for consumption are exhausted up to the personal savings rate
 Product knowledge E-car: knowledge about range, information from manufacturer’s certificate, carbon emissions per km, etc.
Renovations: Knowledge of renovation options, insulation materials, technologies, etc.
 Welfare Benefits to all households in the economy, measured as the amount of possibilities for consumption limited by disposable income
Additional elements in the e-car case study
 Quality of alternative transport modes Timetables and coverage of public transport, bicycle path network
 Car dealers Communication of product information, costs, fuel consumption, etc.; car dealers are a trusted and credible source of information
 Charging infrastructure Public access to charging stations, the possibility to charge the e-car at home, at work or during leisure activities, availability of fast charging stations, etc.
 E-car product range A wide range of different e-car models/e-car classes
 Showcase projects E-mobility model regions or e-car sharing pilots as a communication channel for the dissemination of product information, and as platforms for testing e-cars
Additional elements in the building renovation case study
 Defect-free implementation Implementation without technical/structural defects, integration and correct dimensioning of insulation elements within the building, pre-settings of heating systems, etc.
 Energy poverty Before renovation, one could not afford to keep the apartment adequately warm
 Energy consulting Communication of product information on building insulation, insulation materials and technologies as well as the appropriate use of technology
 Window of opportunity from stock turnover Remaining technology lifetime and urgency of renewal of building elements such as heating, windows, etc.
 Habits Automatic maintenance of everyday routines
 Plumbers and construction companies Responsible for planning, implementation of renovations; communicate product information
 Difficulty of applying for subsidies Necessary steps to obtain subsidies, number of involved bodies and actors up to the grant approval (e.g., banks, municipal/state and federal authorities)
 Knowledge about the use of technology Knowledge about proper heating and ventilation