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Table 2 Scale definition of effect coefficients in the pathway maps

From: Promoting adoption while avoiding rebound: integrating disciplinary perspectives on market diffusion and carbon impacts of electric cars and building renovations in Austria

Numerical value Definition
0 No connection, changing one element does not change the other element.
0.25 Small change, a change of one element causes a marginal change in the other element.
0.5 Partial change, a change of one element causes a medium to large change in the other element.
0.75 Equivalent change, a change of one element causes a change of equal size in the other element.
1 Multiple change, changing one element causes a manifold change in the other element.
Positive coefficient Positive causal direction, an increase of one element leads to increase of the other element.
Negative coefficient Negative causal direction, an increase of one element leads to a decrease of the other element.