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Table 1 Data source and database of the input parameters of the merit order model

From: Evaluation of co-firing as a cost-effective short-term sustainable CO2 mitigation strategy in Germany

Input ParameterSourceComments
Electricity demandGrid data of transmission system operators [10,11,12,13] and selected regional network operatorsScaled to the annual values of BMWi (2013) [9]
Wind powerGrid data of transmission system operatorsScaled to the annual values of BMWi (2013) [9]
PhotovoltaicGrid data of transmission system operatorsScaled to the annual values of BMWi (2013) [9]
Run-of-river power stationsEEX Transparency (2011) [14]Scaled to the annual values of BMWi (2013) [9]
BiomassNo published load profile availableApproach for the estimation of an idealised biomass load profile according to ISET (2009) [15]
Geothermal powerNo published load profile availableDue to minor present and anticipated future significance not taken into account in the MOM
Waste-to-energy plantsNo published load profile availableAssumption: constant base load productionAnnual values according to BMWi (2013) [9]
Heat-controlled cogeneration plantsNo published load profile available, no data available on the installed capacity of heat-controlled cogeneration plantsBundeskartellamt [16]: sub-day distribution of the feed-in of heat-controlled cogeneration plantsAssumption: installed net capacity = 8800 MWel
Transboundary electricity transferGrid data of transmission system operatorsScaled to the annual values of BMWi (2013) [9]
Pump- and seasonal-storagesEEX Transparency (2011) [14]Scaled to the annual values of BMWi (2013) [9]
Marginal cost dependent power plantsList of all active power plants [17]complemented by net installed capacity and efficiency from direct publications by power plant operators or assumption of data from technically comparable power plants
Emission factorsRegulations on allocation of GHG emission allowances (German: Verordnung über die Zuteilung von Treibhausgas-Emissionsberechtigungen) [18] 
Commodity pricesEuropean Energy Exchange (EEX) Group; Energate [19, 20] 
CO2 certificate pricesEuropean Energy Exchange (EEX) Group [19] 
Plant availabilityEEX Transparency [21]