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Table 6 Partial proportional odds model for self-rated health

From: Exploring the link between energy security and subjective well-being: a study of 22 nations

  Very bad Bad Fair Good
OR (se) OR (se) OR (se) OR (se)
Energy concerns 0.97 (0.09) 1.00 (0.04) 0.81** (0.02) 0.76** (0.02)
Male 1.05 (0.03)
Income decile 1.08** (0.01)
Education (ref. < lower secondary)
 Lower secondary 1.03 (0.23) 1.11 (0.13) 1.25** (0.09) 0.92 (0.09)
 Lower tier upper secondary 0.96 (0.21) 1.08 (0.13) 1.39** (0.11) 0.99 (0.10)
 Upper tier upper secondary 1.06 (0.24) 1.32* (0.16) 0 1.03 (0.10)
 Advanced vocational degree 0.82 (0.21) 1.15 (0.15) 1.59** (0.12) 1.05 (0.10)
 Bachelor’s degree 1.45 (0.46) 1.34* (0.19) 1.88** (0.16) 1.20(0.12)
 ≥ Master’s degree 0.74 (0.21) 0.99 (0.14) 1.90** (0.15) 1.23* (0.12)
Age 0.99* (0.00) 0.98** (0.00) 0.97** (0.00) 0.97** (0.00)
Currently sick (ref. no)
 Yes, to some extent 0.11** (0.03) 0.06** (0.01) 0.12** (0.00) 0.11** (0.01)
 Yes, a lot 0.01** (0.00) 0.01** (0.00) 0.05** (0.00) 0.14** (0.02)
Currently disabled
Experienced long-term unemployment 1.45 (0.29) 0.86 (0.07) 0.82** (0.04) 0.82** (0.05)
Generalized trust 1.10** (0.01)
Institutional trust 1.11** (0.02)
Country (ref. Austria)
 Belgium 0.82 (0.25) 1.24 (0.21) 1.36** (0.14) 0.65** (0.06)
 Switzerland 0.53 (0.25) 0.95 (0.21) 1.61**(0.19) 1.15 (0.11)
 Czech Republic 3.66 (2.50) 0.55** (0.08) 0.66** (0.07) 0.75** (0.07)
 Germany 0.48** (0.04)
 Estonia 0.52** (0.13) 0.42** (0.06) 0.29**(0.03) 0.28** (0.03)
 Spain 0.59 (0.24) 0.22** (0.04) 0.49** (0.05) 0.58** (0.06)
 France 1.51 (0.53) 1.40* (0.22) 0.78*(0.08) 0.57** (0.05)
 Finland 0.61** (0.05)
 Great Britain 1.03 (0.09)
 Hungary 0.10** (0.02) 0.29** (0.04) 0.53** (0.06) 0.42** (0.05)
 Ireland 1.33** (0.12)
 Israel 0.23** (0.07) 0.39** (0.06) 1.17 (0.14) 3.29** (0.34)
 Italy 0.97 (0.10)
 Iceland 0.20** (0.06) 0.49** (0.09) 0.66** (0.07) 0.71** (0.07)
 Lithuania 1.65 (0.61) 0.63** (0.09) 0.42** (0.04) 0.28** (0.03)
 Netherlands 1.13 (0.66) 1.02 (0.20) 0.90 (0.10) 0.37** (0.04)
 Norway 0.62 (0.21) 0.62** (0.11) 1.03 (0.12) 0.90 (0.09)
 Poland 0.61** (0.05)
 Portugal 0.35** (0.04)
 Russia 0.48* (0.17) 0.31** (0.06) 0.14** (0.02) 0.10** (0.02)
 Sweden 0.38** (0.13) 1.23 (0.24) 1.31* (0.18) 0.97 (0.11)
 Slovenia 0.65** (0.06) 0.65** (0.06) 0.65** (0.06) 0.65** (0.06)
Constant 8.24 5.36 2.65 1.10
Observations 30,903
Pseudo R-squared 0.236
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses. “Very good” is the reference category. The proportional odds assumption was violated for Energy Security Worry, Education, Age, and Currently Sick
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01