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Table 6 Current sustainability governance systems mix of mandatory and voluntary requirements

From: Integrating policy, market, and technology for sustainability governance of agriculture-based biofuel and bioeconomic development in the US

System/programStandardParticipation requirement
MandatoryVoluntaryMandatoryVoluntary
Laws and regulationsX X 
Sustainability certification programsXX X
Conservation incentive programsXX X
Best management practices X X
Agent self-initiated conservation X X