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Table 2 Classification of governance types in the German biogas sector

From: Governance of sustainability in the German biogas sector—adaptive management of the Renewable Energy Act between agriculture and the energy sector

Major concernRegulationActVoluntaryCertification
SoilFertiliser regulationAct on FertiliserNoNo
Organic waste regulation NoNo
Federal Emission Control Act NoNo
Farm manure regulation NoNo
Fertiliser ordinance NoNo
WaterFederal Emission Control ActAct on FertiliserNoNo
 Farm manure regulation NoNo
AirBiofuel sustainability regulation YesYes
Biofuel quota regulation NoYes
Federal Emission Control Act NoNo
Fertiliser ordinance NoNo
BiodiversityBiomass order YesYes
Economic Renewable Energy ActYesNo
 Combined heat and power generation actYesNo
 Circular economy actPartiallyNo
Socialn/an/an/an/a