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Table 1 Projected primary energy consumption of the world between 1990 and 2040 [28]

From: Renewable energy for sustainable development in India: current status, future prospects, challenges, employment, and investment opportunities

RegionConsumption (million tones oil equivalent)Change (percentage per annum)
199019952000200520102016202020252030203520401990–20162016–2040
United States196621192310234922842273233423442341232522990.6%0.0%
Brazil1261581882112682983303784194514773.4%2.0%
EU16721661173218191754164216671623157015131460− 0.1%− 0.5%
Russia865662620647673674711720723722716− 1.0%0.3%
Middle East26435142356573489598010851189128713824.8%1.8%
Africa22224427432738944050960371084010022.7%3.5%
China6838891008180024913053338737534017420743195.9%1.5%
India19525131639453772488011181365162419215.2%4.2%