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Table 1 List of datasets and included categories

From: Nature conservation as a driver in wind energy scenarios

DatasetCategory
Protected areas
Source: Federal Agency for Nature Conservation [24, 25]
• Nature reserves
• Landscape conservation areas
• Biosphere reserves (zone III)
• Ramsar areas and adjacent areas at a distance of 0–1000 m
• Nature 2000 sites:
Special protection area with/without the occurrence of bird species sensitive to wind energy
Areas adjacent to special protection areas with occurrences of bird species sensitive to wind energy at a distance of 1000–2000 m and 2000–3000 m
FFH areas without occurrences of bird or bat species sensitive against wind energy
Areas adjacent to FFH areas with occurrences of bird or bat species sensitive to wind energy at a distance of 0–1000 m, 1000–2000 m and 2000–3000 m
• Areas adjacent to national parks at a distance of 0–1000 m
• Areas adjacent to nature conservation areas at a distance of 0–1000 m
• Areas for the biotope network of wetland, dry and forest habitats as well as habitat networks with international significance
• Areas of the Grünes Band Deutschland
Important Bird Area
Source: NABU [26]
• Important Bird Areas (IBA) of categories A1–3, A4 (iv), B1 (iv), B2, C1 and 2, C5 and 6 outside Nature 2000 sites and adjacent areas at a distance of 0–1000 m
Water conservation
Source: Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG) [27, 28]
• Water conservation areas
• Medicinal-spring protection areas both already established and in planning
Land use
Source: Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG) [29] and DDA [30]
• Habitats of bird species of the Helgoländer Papier sensitive to wind energy with mortality index A, B and C outside protected areas
Land use
Source: Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG) ATKIS-AAA-Basis-DLM [29]
• Deciduous, coniferous, mixed-forest and adjacent areas at a distance of 0–200 m
• Farmland
• Pastures/permanent grassland
• Open land outside agricultural land
• 250-m corridors along large water axes and adjacent areas at a distance of 250–1000 m
Historic forest sites of Germany
Source: Federal Agency for Nature Conservation [31]
• Historic forest sites and adjacent areas at a distance of 0–200 m
River floodplains of Germany
Source: Federal Agency for Nature Conservation [32]
• River floodplains