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Table 11 Total network length, distance of BEP to first potential customer and resulting network length factor of 20 existing DHNs fueled by heat generated from biomass in Germany

From: Bioenergy plants’ potential for contributing to heat generation in Germany

Number Reference Total network length (Ltot.) (m) Linear distance of BEP to first potential customer (D)(m) Network length factor (NLF)
1 [61] 600 14 42.86
2 [54] 1200 16 75.00
3 [62] 7200 30 240.00
4 [64] 2100 34 61.76
5 [65] 2300 40 57.50
6 [56] 1900 434 4.37
7 [60] 1300 50 26.00
8 [58] 1400 65 21.54
9 [66] 450 68 6.62
10 [67] 3600 68 52.94
11 [58] 1160 90 12.89
12 [58] 505 90 5.61
13 [65] 7500 105 71.43
14 [57] 5000 115 43.48
15 [59] 2700 70 38.57
16 [55] 1700 210 8.10
17 [65] 6000 230 26.09
18 [65] 3500 290 12.07
19 [63] 9720 430 22.60
20 [67] 3500 485 7.22
\( \mathrm{NLF}=\frac{L_{\mathrm{tot}.}}{D} \) Mean 41.83
Median 26.1