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Table 5 Financial characteristics of energy cooperatives in Germany and Switzerland. Source: Own surveys

From: How municipalities support energy cooperatives: survey results from Germany and Switzerland

VariablesCountry
GermanySwitzerland
TotalMunicipalityTotalMunicipality
MemberNo memberMemberNo member
Use of debt capital79% (124 out of 157)81% (71 out of 88)77% (44 out of 57)54% (25 out of 46)64% (14 out of 22)46% (11 out of 24)
Difficulties to raise debt capital (very or rather difficult)23% (30 out of 128)24% (17 out of 72)24% (11 out of 46)44% (11 out of 25)37% (6 out of 16)56% (5 out of 9)
Loans from cooperative banks51% (80 out of 156)55% (48 out of 87)46% (26 out of 57)11% (5 out of 46)23% (5 out of 22)0% (0 out of 24)