Skip to main content

Table 14 ISED classified according to the indirect, direct driving force, and state [46]

From: Sustainability indices for energy utilization using a multi-criteria decision model

Indirect driving force Direct driving force State
1. Population: total; urban 14. Energy use per unit of GDP 16. Energy use per capita
2. GDP per capita 15. Expenditure on energy sector: total investments, environmental control, hydrocarbon exploration and development, R&D, net energy import expenses 17. Indigenous energy production
3. End-use energy prices with and without tax/subsidy 21. Fraction of disposal income spent on fuels (total population, 20% poorest) 18. Net energy import dependence
4. Shares of sectors in GDP value added 23. Quantities of air pollutant emissions—sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrous oxides (NOx), particulates, CO2, volatile organic compounds (VOC) 22. Fraction of households: heavily dependent on non-commercial energy; without electricity
5. Distance traveled per capita: total, by urban public transport mode 26. Quantities of greenhouse gas emissions 24. Ambient concentration of pollutants in urban areas: SO2, NOx, suspended particulates, CO2, ozone
6. Freight transport activity: total, by mode 27. Radionuclides in atmospheric radioactive discharges 25. Land area where acidification exceeds critical load
7. Floor area per capita 28. Discharges into water basins: waste/storm water, radionuclides, oil into coastal waters 30. Accumulated quantity of solid wastes to be managed
8. Manufacturing value added by selected energy intensive industries 29. Generation of solid waste 32. Quantity of accumulated radioactive wastes awaiting disposal
9. Energy intensity: manufacturing, transportation, agriculture, commercial and public services, residential sector 31. Generation of radioactive waste 34. Fatalities due to accidents with breakdown by fuel chains
10. Final energy intensity of selected energy intensive products 33. Land area taken up by energy facilities and infrastructure 37. Life time of proven fossil fuel reserves
11. Energy mix: final energy, electricity generation, and primary energy supply 35. Fraction of technically exploitable capability of hydropower currently not in use 39. Life time of proven uranium reserves
12. Energy supply efficiency: fossil fuel efficiency for electricity generation 36. Proven recoverable fossil fuel reserves 41. Rate of deforestation
13. Status of deployment of pollution abatement technologies: extent of use, average performance 38. Proven uranium reserves  
19. Income inequality 40. Intensity of use of forest resources as fuelwood  
20. Ratio of daily disposable income/private consumption per capita of 20% poorest population to the prices of electricity and major household fuels