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Table 2 Summary statistics

From: Economic growth, energy consumption, and carbon dioxide emissions in the E7 countries: a bootstrap ARDL bound test

Economic variablesBrazilIndiaIndonesiaMexicoPeople’s Republic of ChinaRussiaTurkey
LGDPLECLCO2LGDPLECLCO2LGDPLECLCO2LGDPLECLCO2LGDPLECLCO2LGDPLECLCO2LGDPLECLCO2
Mean9.0396.9260.4826.4425.923− 0.2987.4846.295− 0.0398.9747.2171.3016.9226.7780.9339.0058.4292.4388.8006.8060.864
Median9.0326.8980.4306.3215.900− 0.2527.5626.3850.0588.9807.2861.3406.8496.6560.8658.9588.4192.4218.7886.8430.981
Max.9.3867.3030.9537.4066.4570.5488.2146.7840.9409.1627.4141.4718.7177.7132.0239.3768.5852.6389.4967.3691.502
Min.8.5396.5710.0495.8635.591− 1.0126.6905.694− 1.1078.6126.6850.8555.4716.1420.0418.6148.2892.3158.1776.100− 0.123
Std. dev.0.1850.1730.2010.4740.2550.4650.4290.3710.5310.1440.1830.1611.0380.4660.5890.2720.0830.0810.3480.3580.444
Skewness− 0.1940.3860.3420.5450.4710.064− 0.168− 0.223− 0.207− 0.750− 1.533− 1.5560.1710.7040.4260.0190.1650.6600.216− 0.224− 0.461
Kurtosis3.4692.7202.7262.0652.1841.8251.9751.5112.1952.8054.2944.4721.7492.3492.1771.4771.9462.9372.0872.0682.246
IQR0.1660.2010.2770.7690.3780.7490.6260.6900.7910.1930.1050.1031.8430.6560.8860.4840.1630.1140.4780.4630.576
  1. Note: LGDP, LEC, and LCO2 represent per-capita real GDP, per-capita energy consumption, and per-capita CO2 emissions all in logarithm form, respectively. The descriptive statistics are based on the differences in the logarithms of each variable