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Table 5 Gross calorific values (Hs) and net calorific values (Hi) of dried soft rush (Juncus effusus) biomass with different reference values regarding water and ash contents. Results of the thermo-gravimetrical and calorimetric analysis (TGA)

From: The energy potential of soft rush (Juncus effusus L.) in different conversion routes

Fuel substrate w% DM% CA% Hs Hs(wf) Hs(waf) Hi Hi(wf) Hi(waf)
Juncus effusus (a) 2.15 97.85 3.03 18.276 18.624 19.150 18.263 18.610 19.136
Juncus effusus (b) 1.96 98.04 3.01 18.276 18.667 19.199 18.263 18.654 19.185
Juncus effusus (c) 2.10 97.90 2.99 18.541 18.949 19.485 18.528 18.936 19.471
Mean (sd) 2.07 (0.08) 97.93 (0.08) 3.01 (0.02) 18.364 (0.12) 18.747 (0.14) 19.278 (0.15) 18.351 (0.12) 18.733 (0.14) 19.264 (0.15)