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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of variables

From: Renewable energy consumption in Africa: the role of economic well-being and economic freedom

Stats Renewable energy Renewable energy (log) Property rights Tax burden Business freedom Trade freedom Economic structure HDI HDI HDI squared
Mean 65.33 4.18 35.85 70.28 56.05 59.28 0.64 0.49 49 2401
Median 78.35 4.36 30.00 71.45 55.00 61.10 0.47 0.46 46 2116
SD 28.99 1.15 14.81 10.66 11.74 13.78 0.50 0.11 0.11 0.11
Skewness −0.95 −3.21 0.36 −0.65 0.10 −0.85 2.05 0.39 0.39 0.39
Kurtosis 2.53 14.75 2.94 3.17 2.90 3.59 6.66 2.36 2.36 2.36
Minimum 0.06 −2.83 5.00 32.80 23.40 16.20 0.05 0.25 25 625
Maximum 98.34 4.59 75.00 90.80 85.00 89.00 2.75 0.75 75 5625
N 704.00 704.00 704.00 704.00 704.00 704.00 704.00 704.00 704.00 704.00
  1. SD standard deviation, N number of observations, HDI rescaled HDI values into percentages
  2. Two decimal places are used in all cases where applicable