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Table 5 Basic data on animal grazing, husbandry and bedding requirements

From: Temporal and spatial availability of cereal straw in Germany—Case study: Biomethane for the transport sector

  Dairy cattle Other cattle Pigs Sheep Chicken Goats Horses Turkeys Ducks Geese
Gp—share of grazing
 Schleswig-Holstein 77% 58% 0% 82% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Hamburg 100% 73% 0% 95% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Lower Saxony 69% 38% 0% 92% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Bremen 0% 77% 0% 50% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 North Rhine-Westphalia 82% 35% 0% 87% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Hesse 48% 51% 0% 86% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Rhineland-Palatinate 62% 52% 0% 90% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Baden-Wuerttemberg 28% 27% 0% 89% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Bavaria 16% 13% 0% 81% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Saarland 67% 57% 0% 93% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Berlin 0% 75% 0% 25% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Brandenburg 15% 53% 0% 83% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 34% 52% 0% 81% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Saxony 15% 40% 0% 78% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Saxony-Anhalt 17% 39% 0% 79% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Thuringia 13% 44% 0% 82% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
 Germany 42% 35% 0% 84% 0% 100% 100% 0% 0% 0%
Gd—duration of grazing period per year
 Schleswig-Holstein 46% 54% 0% 87% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Hamburg 52% 62% 0% 77% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Lower Saxony 46% 52% 0% 75% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Bremen 48% 54% 0% 73% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 North Rhine-Westphalia 50% 52% 0% 79% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Hesse 46% 54% 0% 73% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Rhineland-Palatinate 46% 54% 0% 81% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Baden-Wuerttemberg 44% 50% 0% 73% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Bavaria 40% 46% 0% 67% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Saarland 50% 56% 0% 79% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Berlin 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Brandenburg 50% 75% 0% 81% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 48% 65% 0% 83% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Saxony 46% 56% 0% 65% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Saxony-Anhalt 48% 63% 0% 77% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Thuringia 48% 60% 0% 65% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
 Germany 46% 54% 0% 73% 0% 90% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Hsm—straw-based housing
 Schleswig-Holstein 12% 40% 3% 100% 93% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Hamburg 17% 30% 12% 100% 42% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Lower Saxony 14% 34% 4% 100% 89% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Bremen 10% 0% 0% 100% 0% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 North Rhine-Westphalia 23% 41% 6% 100% 87% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Hesse 30% 0% 23% 100% 82% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Rhineland-Palatinate 22% 60% 21% 100% 94% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Baden-Wuerttemberg 19% 50% 16% 100% 94% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Bavaria 14% 32% 13% 100% 85% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Saarland 28% 65% 32% 100% 76% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Berlin 0% 0% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Brandenburg 36% 81% 9% 100% 93% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 24% 74% 7% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Saxony 23% 69% 8% 100% 97% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Saxony-Anhalt 31% 80% 6% 100% 83% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Thuringia 27% 69% 8% 100% 99% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
 Germany 19% 41% 8% 100% 94% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Ba—bedding requirement
 Base data from literature
  Maximum per animal 6 1 1.50 0.6 1220 0.6 6 7 2 11.2
  Unit kg fm (AP d)−1 kg fm (AP d)−1 kg fm (AP d)−1 kg fm (AP d)−1 kg fm (1,000 AP a) −1 kg fm (A d)−1 kg fm (A d)−1 kg fm (A cy)−1 kg fm (A a)−1 kg fm (A a)−1
  Remarks fm: fresh matter; AP: animal place; d: day, a: year; A: animal, cy: cycle
 Stable days
  Schleswig-Holstein 197 168 365 49 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Hamburg 175 140 365 84 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Lower Saxony 197 175 365 91 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Bremen 190 168 365 98 365 37 365 365 365 365
  North Rhine-Westphalia 183 175 365 77 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Hesse 197 168 365 98 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Rhineland-Palatinate 197 168 365 70 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Baden-Wuerttemberg 204 183 365 98 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Bavaria 218 197 365 119 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Saarland 183 161 365 77 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Berlin 365 365 365 365 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Brandenburg 183 91 365 70 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 190 126 365 63 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Saxony 197 161 365 126 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Saxony-Anhalt 190 133 365 84 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Thuringia 190 147 365 126 365 37 365 365 365 365
  Germany 197 168 365 98 365 37 365 365 365 365
 Mg fm a−1 (including stable days)
  Schleswig-Holstein 1.182 0.168 0.548 0.029 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Hamburg 1.050 0.140 0.548 0.050 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Lower Saxony 1.182 0.175 0.548 0.055 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Bremen 1.140 0.168 0.548 0.059 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  North Rhine-Westphalia 1.098 0.175 0.548 0.046 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Hesse 1.182 0.168 0.548 0.059 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Rhineland-Palatinate 1.182 0.168 0.548 0.042 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Baden-Wuerttemberg 1.224 0.183 0.548 0.059 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Bavaria 1.308 0.197 0.548 0.071 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Saarland 1.098 0.161 0.548 0.046 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Berlin 2.190 0.365 0.548 0.219 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Brandenburg 1.098 0.091 0.548 0.042 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 1.140 0.126 0.548 0.038 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Saxony 1.182 0.161 0.548 0.076 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Saxony-Anhalt 1.140 0.133 0.548 0.050 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Thuringia 1.140 0.147 0.548 0.076 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011
  Germany 1.182 0.168 0.548 0.059 0.001 0.022 2.190 0.017 0.002 0.011