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Table 4 Categorisation of stakeholders along the two dimensions of interest and influence based on text by Reed et al. [173]

From: Conceptual framework for increasing legitimacy and trust of sustainability governance

  Low level of interest High levels of interest
High level influence “Context setters”
May be a significant risk
Should be monitored and managed in case of risk
“Key players”
Are often influential supporters
Should be actively groomed
Low level of influence “Crowd”
Have low interest and influence
There is only little need to consider this group, except monitor if their status changes over time
“Subjects”
Are often supportive but lack the capacity for impact, although they may over time become influential by forming alliances with other stakeholders
Should be empowered if they are supportive, and managed if they are unsupportive, especially if they gain influence, e.g. through alliance